The surgery of the nose and sinuses have come a long way in the past 2 decades. Now open surgery only take place a situation where there is a massive tumours or mass within the nose and the sinuses. The norm now is to perform minimally invasive surgery or endoscopic sinus surgery for most of the sinus diseases. This has been term endoscopic sinus surgery. This procedure is used to remove blockages in the sinuses as wells as polyps and small tumours within the nose.
When one has recurrent sinusitis or a chronic sinusitis, the opening of the sinuses are usually of obstructed by soft tissue or bone. This will lead to congestion, impaired breathing as well as pain.
With the help of an endoscope, which is a rigid light pipe that allow us to visualise the innermost aspect of the sinuses clearly, an exacting operation of the nose and sinuses can be performed. Fine instruments tailored for this specific type of operations have also been developed it in the past 2 decades to allow this task to be performed easily.
The surgery is done entirely to the nose and there is no incision made on the skin. The surgery while is performed under general anaesthesia, allows the patient to be discharged on the same day.